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The GeoWeb – Collaboration between mapping authorities and citizen cartographers: possibilities and
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主讲人:Professor William CartwrightSchool of Science, RMIT University)




Professor William Cartwright AM is Professor of Cartography in the School of Science at RMIT University. His major research interest is the application of integrated media to cartography and the exploration of different metaphorical approaches to the depiction of geographical information. Professor Cartwright is well known for his experimental research work on the application of Integrated Interactive Media to cartography commencing over 25 years ago and as such he is considered to be one of the early Australian researchers in this field.

He is Past-President of the International Cartographic Association (ICA), former Chair of the Joint Board of Geospatial Information Societies – JBGIS (now the UN-GGIM: Geospatial Societies). He is co-editor of the International Journal of Cartography, a Member of the Editorial Board and Editor for the Pacific Rim for The Cartographic Journal and a member of the Advisory Board for Cartographica.

He holds a Doctor of Philosophy from the University of Melbourne and a Doctor of Education from RMIT University. He has six other university qualifications - in the fields of cartography, applied science, education, media studies, information and communication technology and graphic design. He is the author of over 300 academic papers. In 2013 was made a Member of the Order of Australia for “significant service to cartography and geospatial science as an academic, researcher and educator”. In 2017 he was made an Honourary Fellow of the International Cartographic Association.


1. The GeoWeb – Collaboration between mapping authorities and citizen cartographers: possibilities and issues

Once maps were solely sourced from governmental and non-governmental organisations. These maps were deemed to provide authoritative data, which was collected and distributed through formal processes and via standard publications. The mapping authority behind the formal processes of mapping assured quality, currency and availability of geospatial information and maps.

With the application of the Internet, and, relatively recently, Web 2.0 as a publishing medium, data collection and map publishing can also be undertaken by what is now called ‘citizen cartographers’. What does this mean for mapping authorities when citizen cartographers are also publishers?

This presentation addresses the era of collaboration between mapping authorities and citizen cartographers. It outlines some of the issues that need to be considered and research that could be undertaken to ensure the quality of geospatial information provided by citizen cartographers as part of this collaboration.

2. NeoCartography: citizen cartographers, GPS-enabledconsumer electronics and mash-ups - a new paradigm for mapping

Maps can now be published on the Web by user/producers using a process called ‘mash-ups’ with Web 2.0 and Social Software. Producer/users are able to develop their own maps by adding their own geospatial information to existing base maps from Bing?, Google Maps?, OpenStreetmap, etc., to self-publish their maps via the Web. In a mash-up mapping world, maps generated and published via the Web are different from maps produced pre-Web 2.0, and they provided an alternative solution for map publishing to ‘mainstream’ cartography.

This new genre of mapping has been given many names, including ‘Neocartography’. Neocartography provides a new outlook on what ‘is’ mapping currently. And, it provides a new model for data collection, data storage, analysis and map output and delivery. It is a model based on collaboration, sharing and openness. It is a different model altogether from the conventional mapping model.

This presentation will provide an overview of Neocartography and how citizen cartography now provides an alternative methodology for map production and publishing. It proposes a model for how citizen cartographers and professional map producers might collaborate in the collection, storage and dissemination of geospatial information.

3. Design, mapping and GIS

When maps and GIS are used to communicate Geographical Information they need to be informative and work as efficient media. Sometimes, when maps and GIS are produced ‘good design’ is sometimes overlooked. Therefore, there is a need to consider design as an essential element of good geospatial practice.

This presentation will look at the elements of good design and talk about how it can be applied to improving the communication of geospatial information.

4. StoryMaps

For geographical information, there exists the need to tell ‘real’ (geographical) stories. Sometimes artistry overrides the provision of real geographical knowledge. Maps can be used to provide narratives of geography. By reading a series of representations, facilitated through the use of maps, which spatialise geogaphical information, the myriad of (geo)data can be more readily understood.

This presentation will outline the use of Esri’s StoryMap. It descries bow, by simply constructing a spreadsheet that records the ‘places’ where the ‘nodes’ of a narrative occur, a mapping application can be built. Examples related to mapping a different geography - a book – can be done by firstly recording the locations and other appropriate information in a spreadsheet, and then linking this spreadsheet to Esri’s StoryMaps application to map the narrative told in the book.

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